Whether you are someone looking to have their website designed or you are a web designer yourself, you will need to be familiar with the various stages of the web design process to create successful websites.

The web design process is essential for any website, big or small. It is the groundwork that is needed in order for a website to be born, and it needs to be done correctly in order for the site to achieve its purpose.

There are many different stages of the web design process, but we have broken them down into 10 stages. In this complete guide, we will discuss how the web design works in detail, from research and planning to testing and launch. By understanding the web design process from start to finish, you will be able to understand what goes into making websites that are not only beautiful but also functional and user-friendly.

Step-by-step website designing process

The discovery session is crucial to define the scope of the project and outline constraints.

Discovery Session

The discovery session is the first stage of the website design process and usually takes place in the form of a meeting between the client and the web designer. The purpose of this meeting is to get to know the client’s business, their goals for their website, and to begin understanding their target audience.

This information will be used to create a website that is not only visually appealing, but also effective in achieving the client’s business goals. The Minimum Viable Product (MVP) is decided upon in the discovery phase. This MVP allows us to focus on the core features of the website, which are essential to achieving the goals while keeping costs low.

After the discovery session, it is then time for the web designer to do some research. This research will be used to create a sitemap, which is a map of all the pages and content that will be on the website. The sitemap is created so that the client can see how all the content will be organized and interconnected.

Here, conduct user interviews to discover responses and opinions about the current website (if one exists) or to test out potential end-customer thoughts on what they’d require from the website. This allows you to lay the foundation for the website design workflow.

Website Architecture

Website architecture forms the foundation for the web design

Creating a sitemap is the first step in planning the architecture for your website. The sitemap will help you determine the hierarchy of your pages and the relationships between them.

The following are some tips for creating a sitemap:

  • Start with a home page and add the most important pages first. You can always add more pages later.
  • keep the number of levels deep to a minimum. Users should be able to find the information they need within 3 clicks.
  • Use descriptive names for your pages. This will help users and search engines understand what each page is about.
  • Group similar pages together. This will help users find the information they need more easily.

After you have created your sitemap, you will need to create a wireframe for each page. A wireframe is a low-fidelity mockup of a web page that includes the basic layout and functionality.

The following are some tips for creating wireframes:

  • Keep it simple: Use basic shapes and lines to represent the different elements on the page.
  • Focus on functionality: The goal of a wireframe is to map out the functionality of the page, not to create a visually appealing design.
  • Think about usability: When creating your wireframes, think about how users will interact with the page and what information they will need to access.
  • Layout of the content: One of the most important aspects of a wireframe is the content layout. Think about how you want to arrange the different elements on the page.
  • Include annotations: Add notes to your wireframes to explain the different elements on the page and how they interact with each other.

After you have a general idea of the layout and functionality of the page, it’s time to move on to the next step in the web design process: creating mockups.


Content is vital for any website. This includes the content itself and its placement.

Content, while not necessarily being the most important part of the web design, is one of the most crucial parts of your website. After all, if your content is substandard, how would you communicate with your audience. Your content, including its placement, quality, and arrangement, works in tandem with your visual design in order to create the desired effect on your target audience.

Important elements in your content must include:

  • A well-written and keyword rich title
  • Engaging and informative body text
  • Appropriate use of headings and subheadings
  • Visuals, such as images, infographics, and videos

When it comes to the actual writing, there are a few things you should keep in mind.

  • First, your content should be well-written and free of errors. Not only does this make you look more professional, but it also helps your site rank higher in search engines.
  • Secondly, your content should be engaging and informative. It should flow smoothly and be easy to read.
  • Finally, your content should be keyword rich. This means using relevant keywords throughout your text in order to improve your site’s SEO.

When it comes to visuals, remember that a picture is worth a thousand words. Use images, infographics, and videos to break up your text and add visual interest.

UI/UX Design

UI/UX are crucial to any web design as they are responsible for creating an impression on your target audience

Source: YouTube

User experience (UX) and user interface (UI) design are two terms that are often used interchangeably, but they actually refer to two different aspects of the web design process.

UI design is focused on the look and feel of the site, while UX design is focused on how easy it is for users to navigate and use the site.

Both UI and UX are important in the web design process, but they require different skill sets. A good UX designer needs to have a strong understanding of how users interact with websites, while a good UI designer needs to have a strong understanding of how to create visually pleasing designs.

UI Design:

The first step in the UI design process is to create a mockup of the site. This is typically done in a program like Photoshop or Sketch. The mockup is essentially a blueprint for the site, and it will show how all of the elements on the page will be laid out.

Once the mockup is complete, the next step is to create a style guide. This document will outline the colors, fonts, and other design elements that will be used on the site. It is important to have a style guide so that all of the elements on the site are consistent with each other.

UX Design:

After the UI is complete, the next step is to focus on the user experience (UX). This involves creating a flowchart that outlines how the user will interact with the site. The goal of UX design is to make sure that the user can easily find what they are looking for on the site and that they have a positive experience while using it.

There are various options and trends to explore including :

  • Responsive design
  • Minimalism
  • Material design
  • Flat design
  • Skeuomorphism

This step is crucial as it will determine how successful your website is. A well-designed website will be easy to use and navigate, while a poorly designed website will be confusing and frustrating for users.

HTML Development

This is part of the coding that is involved in bringing a website to life

This is the process of actually coding the website using HTML (hypertext markup language) and CSS (cascading style sheets).

Web designers use a variety of tools to create their websites, including text editors, graphics programs, and HTML code. You may choose to write the code manually or you can use a CMS.


There are many Content Management Systems (CMS) available that allow you to create and manage your website without having to code it from scratch. Some popular CMS options include WordPress, Joomla, and Drupal.


If you plan to sell products or services on your website, you will need to add e-commerce functionality. This can be done with a variety of plugins and extensions, or you may choose to use a dedicated e-commerce platform like Shopify.

Pre-Designed Themes

If you don’t want to start from scratch, you can use a pre-designed theme as the foundation for your website. These themes can be customized to some extent, but they will save you a lot of time and effort compared to designing a site from scratch.

Web Hosting

Before your website can go live, you will need to choose a web hosting provider and set up your account. This is where your website’s files will be stored and accessed by visitors

Mobile Responsive

Mobile responsiveness is mandatory in modern website designs

As more and more people use mobile devices to access the internet, it’s important to make sure that your website is designed to be responsive on all screen sizes. This means that your site should look good and work well on both desktop and mobile devices.

This is vital because Google now uses mobile-friendliness as a ranking factor in its search results. This means that if your website is not designed to be responsive, you could lose out on potential visitors and customers.


Before launching any web design, you test.

Before your website goes live, it’s important to test everything to make sure that there are no issues. This includes testing all the functionality on your site, as well as checking for any spelling or grammatical errors.

You should also run a quick spell check on your entire site before launch. This can help you catch any errors that you may have missed.


Once your website is ready to take-off, you are at the final stages of your web design process

Once your website is ready to go, it’s time to launch! Make sure to announce your launch date in advance so that people can start visiting your site.

You should also set up Google Analytics so that you can track the traffic to your site and see how people are using it.

Now that your site is live, it’s time to start promoting it! There are a number of ways to promote your website, including:

  • Write articles or blog posts about your site
  • Submit your site to directories and search engines
  • Create social media accounts for your site
  • Advertise your site online or offline

With a little bit of promotion, you should start to see some traffic coming to your site. Remember to keep an eye on your analytics so that you can see how people are using your site and what you can do to improve it.


SEO comes at the tail end of the web design process

One of the most important things you can do to promote your website is to make sure it is optimized for search engines. This process, known as search engine optimization (SEO), is essential for getting your site ranked high in search results.

There are a number of things you can do to optimize your site for SEO, including:

  • Choose the right keywords
  • Use keyword-rich titles and descriptions
  • Create quality content
  • Build backlinks
  • Submit your site to search engines
  • Analyze your traffic and conversions
  • Monitor your SEO progress
  • Make sure your site is mobile-friendly

SEO is a complex topic, but there are plenty of resources out there that can help you get started. Once you have a handle on the basics, you can start to see some serious results in your search engine rankings.


Once your site is live, you’ll need to keep up with maintenance and updates. This includes things like ensuring that your site is secure, backing up your data, and making sure that all of your content is up-to-date.

Keeping on top of maintenance can be a lot of work, but it’s important to keep your site running smoothly. There are plenty of tools and resources out there to help you with this, so don’t be afraid to ask for help if you need it.


That’s it! Now you know everything there is to know about the web design process. Just remember to start small and work your way up. And if you ever get stuck, there are plenty of people out there who can help you out.

For businesses, if you are looking for someone to design, set up, and maintain your company website, there are numerous web design companies in India, like Pixel Street, who are up and coming and gathering recognition for their high-quality and innovative work in the field of web design and development.

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Khurshid Alam

Khurshid Alam is the founder of Pixel Street, a web design company. He aspires to solve business problems by communicating effectively digitally. In his leisure, he reads, writes, and occasionally plays a game of table tennis.